Years since Xerox Corp. introduced the commercial fax machine


Years since HIPAA was enacted to improve health insurance access and portability, and “to combat waste, fraud and abuse” in the health care system


Percentage of physicians who communicate with other physicians via fax, one of the few channels that HIPAA approves unambiguously


Faxes, on average, received per month by physicians in 2013


Minutes that could be cut from discharge time, according to 65% of respondents to a recent survey of health care professionals, if secure text messaging were approved under HIPAA


Percentage of physicians who communicate with other clinicians via e-mail—despite e-mail not being defined as a secure channel by HIPAA

1.5 million

Dollars, settlement paid by a Boston-area hospital in 2012 after an unencrypted personal laptop containing electronic protected health information was stolen